You are currently viewing TOP 10 HISTORICAL PLACES IN BIHAR


Bihar, a state in eastern India, is rich in historical and cultural heritage. Here are ten historical places in Bihar that are worth exploring:

1. Mahabodhi Temple Complex, Bodh Gaya

A UNESCO World Heritage Site, this complex is one of the most sacred Buddhist sites in the world. It is where Gautama Buddha attained enlightenment.

Mahabodhi Temple Complex, Bodh Gaya

The Mahabodhi Temple Complex in Bodh Gaya, Bihar, is one of the most sacred sites for Buddhists around the world. It is the place where Gautama Buddha, the founder of Buddhism, attained enlightenment under the Bodhi Tree. The temple complex is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is renowned for its architectural brilliance and spiritual significance. The complex comprises several structures, including the Mahabodhi Temple, Vajrasana, Animesh Lochan Chaitya, and the Bodhi Tree itself, which is believed to be a direct descendant of the original tree under which Buddha meditated. Every year, thousands of pilgrims and tourists visit this iconic site to pay homage to the Buddha and experience the tranquil atmosphere that permeates the surroundings.

The Mahabodhi Temple, with its towering spire and intricate carvings, stands as a symbol of the rich cultural and religious heritage of Bihar. Its architectural style reflects a harmonious blend of various influences, including Indian, Nepalese, and Tibetan. The temple is adorned with stone carvings depicting scenes from the life of Buddha and various mythological figures. The serene atmosphere within the complex, coupled with the religious rituals and chants, creates a sense of devotion and tranquility. The Mahabodhi Temple Complex in Bodh Gaya remains a significant pilgrimage site, attracting followers of Buddhism from all corners of the globe who seek enlightenment and a connection to the teachings of the Buddha in the sacred land of Bihar.

2. Nalanda University Ruins, Nalanda

Once a renowned ancient center of learning, Nalanda University’s ruins showcase the architectural grandeur and intellectual pursuits of ancient India.

Nalanda University Ruins, Nalanda

The Nalanda University Ruins, located in Nalanda, Bihar, stand as a testament to the glorious past of one of the world’s oldest centers of learning. Nalanda University was a renowned Buddhist university that flourished from the 5th to the 12th century CE. The ruins are spread across a vast area, showcasing the architectural brilliance and intellectual prowess of the ancient era. The site comprises various structures, including temples, monasteries, libraries, and lecture halls, providing insights into the academic and spiritual life of scholars from different parts of the world who once studied here.

The ruins of Nalanda University hold immense historical and cultural significance. They represent the vibrant exchange of knowledge and ideas that took place in ancient India and reflect the profound impact of Buddhism on the development of education and intellectual pursuits. The university attracted scholars from far and wide, making it an international center of learning during its time. The remains of the library, known as the Nalanda Library, are particularly noteworthy, as it was one of the most extensive repositories of knowledge in the ancient world, housing thousands of manuscripts and scriptures.

Visiting the Nalanda University Ruins is like stepping back in time, where one can imagine the vibrant academic atmosphere that once prevailed within these hallowed grounds. The serene surroundings and the remnants of the ancient structures evoke a sense of awe and admiration for the intellectual achievements of the scholars who studied and taught here. The site’s inclusion as a UNESCO World Heritage Site highlights its universal value and the importance of preserving this historical treasure. Exploring the Nalanda University Ruins offers a glimpse into the rich intellectual heritage of Bihar and provides a unique opportunity to connect with the scholarly legacy of the ancient world.

3. Vikramshila Ruins, Bhagalpur

Another ancient Buddhist university, Vikramshila was a major seat of learning during the Pala dynasty. Its ruins offer insights into the Buddhist heritage of the region.

The Vikramshila Ruins, located in Bhagalpur district of Bihar, are the remnants of an ancient Buddhist monastery that flourished during the Pala dynasty in the 8th to 12th centuries CE. Vikramshila University was established by King Dharmapala as a center for Buddhist education and scholarship. The ruins stand as a testimony to the intellectual and cultural heritage of the region. The site, nestled amidst picturesque surroundings, showcases the architectural brilliance of the past, with remnants of monastic cells, temples, and a central stupa.

Vikramshila Ruins, Bhagalpur

Vikramshila University was renowned for its teachings of Buddhist philosophy, logic, and tantric practices. It attracted scholars from across Asia, making it a thriving hub of knowledge and spiritual enlightenment. The remains of the monastic complex offer a glimpse into the daily lives of the monks who resided there, with meditation cells, classrooms, and common areas still visible. The serene ambiance and the historical significance of the site make it a popular destination for historians, archaeologists, and spiritual seekers alike.

Exploring the Vikramshila Ruins allows visitors to delve into the rich Buddhist heritage of Bihar and appreciate the intellectual achievements of the scholars who studied and taught at the university. The site’s archaeological and historical value has led to its recognition as a protected monument by the Archaeological Survey of India. The Vikramshila Ruins stand as a reminder of the glorious past of Buddhist scholarship and serve as a pilgrimage site for those seeking spiritual enlightenment and a connection to the profound teachings of the Buddha.

4. Rajgir

An important historical and religious site, Rajgir was the capital of the Magadha kingdom. It is home to various attractions, including the Ajatshatru Fort, Venu Vana, and Griddhakuta Hill.


Rajgir, situated in the state of Bihar, is a historic city that holds immense cultural and religious significance. It is nestled in the picturesque Rajgir Valley and is surrounded by lush green hills, making it a serene and beautiful destination. Here are some notable features of Rajgir:

Rajgir has a rich historical legacy, dating back to ancient times. It was the capital of the powerful Magadha Empire and served as an important center for trade, politics, and education. The city finds mention in various ancient texts and scriptures, including the Buddhist and Jain scriptures. Rajgir was an important site for both Lord Buddha and Lord Mahavira, who preached and attained enlightenment in this region.

Rajgir is a significant pilgrimage site for Buddhists and Jains. The city is home to various sacred sites, including the Gridhakuta Hill, also known as Vulture’s Peak, where Lord Buddha delivered several important discourses. The Ajatshatru Fort, built by King Ajatshatru, provides panoramic views of the surrounding landscape and offers a glimpse into the region’s historical past. Rajgir is also known for its hot springs, believed to have therapeutic properties, which attract visitors seeking relaxation and rejuvenation.


Cultural Heritage: Rajgir boasts a rich cultural heritage, reflected in its traditional art, music, and dance forms. The city hosts various cultural festivals and events throughout the year, showcasing the vibrant traditions of Bihar. The Rajgir Dance Festival, held annually, brings together artists from different parts of the country to perform classical and folk dances. The city’s cultural vibrancy and historical significance make it a fascinating destination for those interested in exploring the cultural tapestry of Bihar.

5. Vaishali

Known for its association with Lord Buddha, Vaishali is an ancient city mentioned in Buddhist scriptures. The site has Ashoka Pillar, Buddha Stupa, and a museum showcasing artifacts from the Mauryan era.

Vaishali, located in Bihar, holds immense historical and cultural significance as it was once an important center of political and social activities in ancient India. It is considered one of the oldest inhabited cities in the world and finds mention in the Buddhist scriptures. Here are some notable features of Vaishali:


The Ashokan Pillar in Vaishali is a remarkable ancient monument that stands as a testament to Emperor Ashoka’s rule. The pillar is adorned with a lion capital, which has now become the national emblem of India. It is believed to mark the location where Buddha preached his last sermon and announced his impending Nirvana.

The Mahaparinirvana Temple is an important pilgrimage site for Buddhists. It is built on the site where Lord Buddha is said to have achieved Mahaparinirvana, his final liberation from the cycle of birth and death. The temple houses a reclining Buddha statue, depicting him in his final resting pose.

The Ananda Stupa is a significant religious site in Vaishali, closely associated with the life of Lord Buddha. It is believed to be the location where Buddha gave his famous sermon to his disciple, Ananda. The stupa is a peaceful and serene spot, attracting devotees and tourists alike.

Vaishali is also known for its association with Lord Mahavira, the 24th Tirthankara of Jainism. It is believed to be the birthplace of Mahavira, and the city has several Jain temples and pilgrimage sites that are revered by followers of Jainism.


Visiting Vaishali allows travelers to delve into the rich history and spiritual heritage of the region. The ancient ruins, religious sites, and historical monuments transport visitors back in time, offering glimpses of the illustrious past of Vaishali. The city’s cultural vibrancy, coupled with its religious and historical significance, makes it a must-visit destination for those interested in exploring the roots of Indian civilization and spirituality.

6. Patna Sahib Gurudwara, Patna

This holy Sikh shrine is dedicated to Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Guru of Sikhism. It attracts devotees from around the world, especially during religious festivals.

Patna Sahib Gurudwara is the birthplace of Guru Gobind Singh, who played a pivotal role in shaping Sikh history and principles. The Gurudwara stands as a testimony to the life and teachings of Guru Gobind Singh and commemorates his birth anniversary with great reverence and devotion. It is believed that Guru Gobind Singh spent his early childhood here and received his early education.

 Patna Sahib Gurudwara, Patna

The Gurudwara complex boasts impressive architectural grandeur, with its magnificent white marble structure and intricately designed domes. The main hall, known as the Diwan Hall, is adorned with beautiful frescoes and paintings that depict the life and stories of Guru Gobind Singh. The Gurudwara also houses a sacred pond known as the “Baal Leela,” where Guru Gobind Singh used to play as a child.

Patna Sahib Gurudwara attracts a large number of devotees, both Sikhs and people from other faiths, who come to pay their respects and seek blessings. The Gurudwara follows the Sikh principles of langar (community kitchen) where free meals are served to all visitors, irrespective of their caste, creed, or social status. This practice of langar promotes equality and inclusivity, reflecting the core principles of Sikhism.

Visiting Patna Sahib Gurudwara offers a spiritual and cultural experience, allowing devotees and visitors to immerse themselves in the rich Sikh heritage. The Gurudwara serves as a center for religious and community activities, promoting peace, harmony, and the teachings of Guru Gobind Singh. It is a place of solace and devotion, where people come to seek spiritual enlightenment and find inspiration in the teachings of Sikhism.

7. Patna Museum, Patna

Established in 1917, the Patna Museum houses a vast collection of artifacts, including sculptures, coins, and paintings, providing insights into Bihar’s rich history and culture.

Patna Museum, Patna

Patna Museum, located in the capital city of Bihar, is a prominent cultural institution that showcases the rich heritage and artistic treasures of the region. Established in 1917, the museum houses an extensive collection of artifacts, sculptures, paintings, and archaeological finds that span various periods of history. Here are some notable features of Patna Museum:

Patna Museum boasts a vast collection of artworks, sculptures, and archaeological artifacts that provide insights into the rich cultural and historical legacy of Bihar. The museum displays ancient sculptures dating back to the Maurya, Gupta, and Pala dynasties, showcasing the exceptional craftsmanship of the period. The art gallery exhibits a wide range of paintings, including the famous Madhubani paintings, which are traditional folk art forms from Bihar.

One of the highlights of Patna Museum is the exquisite bronze statue of Buddha dating back to the 5th century CE. This magnificent sculpture is an epitome of artistic mastery, with intricate detailing and a serene expression that captivates visitors. The statue represents the influence of Buddhism in the region and offers a glimpse into the religious and cultural heritage of Bihar.

Patna Museum plays a vital role in preserving and promoting the artistic and cultural heritage of Bihar. It serves as an educational hub, providing visitors with a deeper understanding of the history, art, and archaeology of the region. The museum’s exhibits serve as a window into the past, allowing visitors to explore the diverse facets of Bihar’s heritage and appreciate its rich cultural tapestry. Patna Museum stands as a testament to the importance of preserving and celebrating the artistic and historical treasures that contribute to the identity of the region.

8. Kesaria Stupa, Kesaria

Considered one of the tallest Buddhist stupas in the world, the Kesaria Stupa dates back to the Mauryan period. It is a significant Buddhist pilgrimage site.

Kesaria Stupa, located in Kesaria, Bihar, is a significant Buddhist monument and one of the tallest stupas in the world. The stupa dates back to the 3rd century BCE and is believed to have been built during the reign of Emperor Ashoka. The Kesaria Stupa stands as a testament to the rich Buddhist heritage of the region and holds historical and architectural significance.

 Kesaria Stupa, Kesaria

The stupa, originally constructed to enshrine the relics of Lord Buddha, is an impressive structure that rises to a height of over 100 feet. Although partially in ruins, the stupa’s architectural features and intricate carvings are still visible, showcasing the skill and craftsmanship of the ancient builders. The site attracts pilgrims, historians, and architecture enthusiasts who come to admire the grandeur of the Kesaria Stupa and to experience the spiritual ambiance that surrounds it.

Visiting Kesaria Stupa offers a unique opportunity to connect with the Buddhist history and heritage of Bihar. The stupa’s majestic presence and its association with Lord Buddha make it an important pilgrimage site for Buddhists. It serves as a reminder of the region’s rich cultural past and its contribution to the spread of Buddhism in ancient India. Kesaria Stupa stands as a testament to the enduring legacy of Buddhism and its influence on art, architecture, and spirituality.

9. Sasaram

The tomb of Sher Shah Suri, an important ruler during the medieval period, is located in Sasaram. The architecture of the tomb is an impressive blend of Mughal and Afghan styles.


Sasaram, located in the Rohtas district of Bihar, is a historical city with deep-rooted cultural and architectural significance. It is renowned for its association with the great Mughal emperor Sher Shah Suri, who ruled a vast empire in the 16th century. Here are some notable features of Sasaram:

The centerpiece of Sasaram is the grand mausoleum of Sher Shah Suri, known as the Sher Shah Suri Tomb. This magnificent structure is an architectural marvel, showcasing the blend of Mughal and Afghan architectural styles. The tomb stands as a tribute to Sher Shah Suri, who played a crucial role in the history of India, contributing to the development of administrative and infrastructural reforms.

Sasaram is also home to the Rohtasgarh Fort, a medieval fortress that holds great historical significance. The fort, perched atop a hill, was built by Sher Shah Suri and served as a strategic stronghold during his reign. The impressive fortifications, gates, and ramparts of the Rohtasgarh Fort reflect the military prowess of Sher Shah Suri and offer panoramic views of the surrounding landscape.


Sasaram attracts history enthusiasts, architecture lovers, and those interested in unraveling the tales of Sher Shah Suri’s rule. The city’s historical sites and landmarks provide glimpses into the glorious past of Bihar and its contribution to the rich heritage of India. Sasaram stands as a testimony to the architectural brilliance and cultural heritage of the region, preserving the legacy of Sher Shah Suri and offering visitors a fascinating journey through time.

10. Pawapuri

A sacred place for Jains, Pawapuri is where Lord Mahavira, the 24th Jain Tirthankara, attained nirvana. The Jal Mandir in Pawapuri is a major attraction.

Jal Mandir:

Jal Mandir:

The Jal Mandir, also known as Samosharan Temple, is a major attraction in Pawapuri. It is situated in the middle of a picturesque lotus pond, known as the Jalasarovar. The temple houses a marble statue of Lord Mahavira, and devotees come here to offer their prayers and seek spiritual solace. The tranquil surroundings and the serene atmosphere make it an ideal place for meditation and introspection.

Mahavira Temple

Mahavira Temple

Another significant temple in Pawapuri is the Mahavira Temple, dedicated to Lord Mahavira. The temple showcases exquisite architectural details and houses a beautiful idol of Lord Mahavira. It is a revered site for Jain devotees who visit Pawapuri to pay their respects and seek blessings. The temple complex also includes several other smaller temples and shrines.

Pawapuri is considered a sacred pilgrimage site for Jains and attracts thousands of devotees every year. The serene ambiance, coupled with the spiritual significance of the place, makes it a destination of devotion and contemplation. Pawapuri serves as a reminder of the teachings and principles of Jainism, providing an opportunity for visitors to connect with their faith and experience a sense of tranquility and spiritual rejuvenation.

These are just a few of the historical places in Bihar that showcase its rich cultural and historical significance. Exploring these sites will provide a deeper understanding of Bihar’s past and its contributions to Indian heritage.

Which are the best historical museums in Bihar?

1. Jalan Museum: Also known as ‘Quila House’, Jalan Museum exhibits the personal collection of the reputed businessman, RK Jalan. Established back in 1919, this museum is home to around 10,000 artefacts from across the country.

2. Folk Art Museum: Established back in 1963, the Folk Art Museum is one of the best historical places in Bihar to see the traditional art pieces of the state. The museum exhibits an extensive collection of ceramic and terracotta objects, jewelry, and folk musical instruments.

3. Rajendra Smriti Sangrahalaya Museum: Having served as a residence for the first President of India, Dr. Rajendra Prasand, the Rajendra Smriti Sangrahalaya Museum exhibits his personal belongings. You can spot his pens, watches, books, and specs here and learn about his role in the freedom fight.

4. Chandradhari Museum: Lying on the banks of Lake Mansarovar, Chandradhari Museum is named after Late Chandradhari Singh, who has donated rare artefacts to the museum, including Baljium glass-cut objects, miniature paintings, brass statues, and ivory icons.

What is the best time to visit Bihar?

The most ideal time to visit Bihar is during the winter months of October to March, when the temperature is low and the weather is pleasant. This is the perfect time to enjoy sightseeing and heritage walks in the state.

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